Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) Grant Program
FEMA's Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) grant programs provide funding opportunities for pre- and post-disaster mitigation. Together, these programs provide significant opportunities to reduce or eliminate potential losses to state, tribal and local assets through hazard mitigation planning and project grant funding. Each HMA program was authorized by separate legislative action, and as such, each program differs slightly in scope and intent.
Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) grants are provided to eligible applicant states, tribes, and territories that, in turn, provide subgrants to local governments. The applicant selects and prioritizes applications developed and submitted to them by local jurisdictions to submit to FEMA for consideration of funding. There are five sub-programs:
- Hazard Mitigation Grant Program*
- Pre-Disaster Mitigation (PDM) Program*
- Flood Mitigation Assistance (FMA) Program
- Repetitive Flood Claims (RFC) Program
- Severe Repetitive Loss (SRL) Program
Hazard Mitigation Assistance Grant Program Links
Click on the tabs to learn more about each HMA program.
The Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP) provides grants to states, local governments, and Native American tribes for long-term hazard mitigation projects after a major disaster declaration. The purpose of the program is to reduce the loss of life and property in future disasters by funding mitigation measures during the recovery phase of a natural disaster.
The State of Iowa received FEMA disaster funding under the Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP) as part of Presidential Disaster Declaration 4114 (May 6, 2013), which was declared as a result of severe storms, freezing rain, ice and snow that occurred in April, Presidential Disaster Declaration 4119 (May 31, 2013), which was declared as a result of severe storms, straight-line winds, and flooding, April 17-30, and Presidential Disaster Declaration 4126 (July 2, 2013), which was declared as a result of severe storms, tornadoes and flooding during the period of May 19 through June 14, 2013.
Funding will be used for eligible hazard mitigation projects that will reduce or eliminate losses from future natural disasters. Those include, but are not limited to:
- Construction of tornado safe rooms (multi-functional community or school safe room projects are highly encouraged)
- Acquisition, structural relocation, or elevation of buildings located in a special flood hazard area
- Structural and non-structural retrofitting of existing public buildings, facilities, or utilities to protect against wind, ice, or flood hazards
- Minor structural hazard control or protection projects such as storm water management (e.g., culverts, floodgates, retention basins)
- Localized flood control projects, such as floodwall systems, that are designed specifically to protect critical facilities and do not constitute a section of a larger flood control system
- Development of multi-jurisdictional hazard mitigation plans and plan updates
Eligible applicants include state agencies and local governments, federally-recognized Indian tribal governments (including State-recognized Indian tribes, and authorized tribal organizations), and private nonprofit (PNP) organizations or institutions that operate a PNP facility as defined in the Code of Federal Regulations (44 CFR), Section 206.221(e).
Iowa Code 455B.262A [effective June 30, 2011] State participation in funding financial assistance (10 percent State cost-share) for a flood-related disaster requires participation in the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP) for a city or county with effective FEMA-published flood insurance map that identifies a Special Flood Hazard Area (SFHA). To determine NFIP participation, click here to visit FEMA's website.
Currently, the State has no open HMGP funding opportunities. Applications are no longer being accepted.
- Local Mitigation Planning Handbook (link to FEMA website)
- Local Mitigation Plan Review Guide (link to FEMA website)
- Hazard Mitigation Plan Review Tool (MS Word)
- Local Plan Status UPDATED Nov. 7, 2013
The Pre-Disaster Mitigation program provides funds on an annual basis for hazard mitigation planning and the implementation of mitigation projects prior to a disaster. The goal of the PDM program is to reduce overall risk to the population and structures, while at the same time, also reducing reliance on Federal funding from actual disaster declarations.
FEMA announced HMA grant program for FY2013, which includes PDM. Funding amounts are based on Congressional appropriation. Notice of Interest (NOI) applications were due Oct. 1, 2013.
The Flood Mitigation Assistance program provides funds on an annual basis so that measures can be taken to reduce or eliminate risk of flood damage to buildings insured under the National Flood Insurance Program (NFIP).
The Repetitive Flood Claims program provides funds on an annual basis to reduce the risk of flood damage to individual properties insured under the NFIP that have had one or more claim payments for flood damages. The program provides up to 100 percent federal funding for projects in communities that meet the reduced-capacity requirements.
The Severe Repetitive Loss program provides funds on an annual basis to reduce the risk of flood damage to residential structures insured under the NFIP that are qualified as severe repetitive loss structures. The program provides up to 90 percent federal funding for eligible projects.
*Programs HSEMD regularly administers.