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Hazard Mitigation


Tornado safe room at the Iowa State FairWhat is Hazard Mitigation?

Hazard mitigation is any sustained action taken to reduce or eliminate long-term risk to people and property from natural hazards and their effects. This definition distinguishes actions that have a long-term impact from those that are more closely associated with immediate preparedness, response, and recovery activities. Hazard mitigation is the only phase of emergency management specifically dedicated to breaking the cycle of damage, reconstruction, and repeated damage. As such, states, territories, Indian tribal governments and communities are encouraged to take advantage of funding provided by Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) grant programs in both the pre-and post-disaster timeframes.


Hazard Mitigation Planning

Hazard mitigation falls into the general categories of preventive measures, property protection measures, public education and awareness, natural resource protection, emergency services, and structural projects (e.g., tornado safe rooms). Local and state governments must have approved hazard mitigation plans to be eligible for mitigation project funding.


Iowa's state hazard mitigation plan is an inter-agency plan developed by the state hazard mitigation team. The team performed a hazard analysis and risk assessment in which hazards that may affect the state were identified, profiled and ranked in order of priority. This information was then used to develop hazard mitigation goals, objectives, and measures to address the hazards.


Read our blog about tornado safe room funding, requirements, and planning.


Click to expand the tab to view the plan files.



FEMA-approved local hazard mitigation plans are required in order to receive mitigation funding for state or local mitigation projects through the Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) grant program.

The HMA program has three sub-programs: Pre-Disaster Mitigation program (PDM), Flood Mitigation Assistance (FMA) program, and the Hazard Mitigation Grant Program (HMGP). HMGP funding becomes available only when a Presidential Disaster Declaration is made. PDM and FMA funding are available annually. Click here to check if there are any current HMA grant program funds available.



Hazard Mitigation Program Contacts:

Dan Schmitz

Deputy State Hazard Mitigation Officer

(515) 725-9369

Linda Roose

Planning & Safe Rooms

(515) 725-9403

Dusty Pogones

Acquisitions ("Buyouts") & Relocations

(515) 725-9384

Jim Berg

Electric Utilities & Infrastructure

(515) 725-9352

Dennis Harper

State Hazard Mitigation Program Supervisor




Go to Hazard Mitigation Assistance (HMA) Grant Program page.